All resurfacing treatments work essentially the same way. First, the outer layers of damaged skin are stripped away. Then, as new cells form during the healing process, a smoother, tighter, younger-looking skin surface appears. It also tightens the deeper layers of the skin and reduces the sagging appearance and wrinkles.
These techniques are often used to improve the look of facial skin left scarred by accidents or previous surgery or to smooth out fine facial wrinkles, such as those around the mouth. They are also used to remove the pre-cancerous growths called keratoses. They are commonly used to treat scars following pimples (acne) and chickenpox. These procedures can enhance your appearance and your self-confidence, but neither treatment may remove all scars and flaws completely or prevent further aging.
Skin resurfacing procedures essentially comprise of dermabrasion, dermaplaning, Lasers and Radio surgery.
In dermabrasion, the surgeon scrapes away the outermost layer of skin with a rough wire brush, or a burr containing diamond particles, attached to a motorized handle. The scraping continues until the surgeon reaches the safest level that will make the scar or wrinkle less visible.
In dermaplaning, the surgeon uses a hand-held instrument called a dermatome. Resembling an electric razor, the dermatome has an oscillating blade that moves back and forth to evenly “skim” off the surface layers of skin that surround the craters or other facial defects.
This skimming continues until the lowest point of the acne scar becomes more even with the surrounding skin. Dermabrasion and dermaplaning help to “refinish” the skin’s top layers through a method of controlled surgical scraping. The treatments soften the sharp edges of surface irregularities, giving the skin a smoother appearance.
In laser resurfacing, sometimes called “laser peel”, a carbon dioxide (CO2) laser is used to remove areas of damaged or wrinkled skin, layer by layer.
The latest technique to emerge is Radiosurgery which uses radio waves. They are totally different from radiation used in the treatment of cancers. These waves are ordinary waves that are used to transmit radio signals but at high frequency and highly focused. They are totally safe even near delicate organs like eyes.
It’s also important to consider the length of recovery when choosing among the skin-resurfacing alternatives. In general, the more aggressive the resurfacing procedure is, the more prolonged the recovery is likely to be. “Light” resurfacing procedures, such as superficial chemical peels or superficial laser resurfacing, offer shorter recovery times. However, these lighter procedures may need to be repeated multiple times to achieve results comparable to those achieved with more aggressive techniques.
The procedures can be performed on small areas of skin or on the entire face. They can be used alone, or in conjunction with other procedures such as facelift, Blepharoplasty, nose surgery, scar removal or revision and chemical peel.